章鱼竞猜下载-TED | 让70位女员工成为百万富翁，这位女企业家做了什么？admin 2019-10-03 共162人围观 ，发现0个评论
虽然你没有听说过黛姆斯蒂芬妮雪莉，但她曾在科技作业取得了最为注目的成果。在上世纪六十年代，她章鱼竞猜下载-TED | 让70位女员工成为百万富翁，这位女企业家做了什么？在英国创建了一家只要女性职工的企业，该企业在作业中处于领军位置，市值最高到达30亿美金，70位职工成为百万富翁。
When I wrote my memoir,the publishers were really confused. Was it about me as a child refugee, or asa woman who set up a high-tech software company back in the 1960s, one thatwent public and eventually employed over 8,500 people?
Or was it as a mother ofan autistic child? Or as a philanthropist that's now given away serious money?Well, it turns out, I'm all of these. So let me tell you my story.
All that I am stemsfrom when I got onto a train in Vienna, part of the Kindertransport that savednearly 10,000 Jewish children from Nazi Europe. I was five years old, clutchingthe hand of my nine-year-old sister and had very little idea as to what wasgoing on. "What is England and why am I going there?" I'm only alivebecause so long ago, I was helped by generous strangers.
全部都从我坐上一列前往维也纳的火车开端。这列火车是Kindertransport解救举动的一部分，从纳粹手中拯救了 近万名犹太儿童。其时5岁的我，紧紧抓着9岁姐姐的手，对发作的事茫然无知。"英国是什么？我为什么要去那？" 我能活下来，彻底是由于很久很久之前，热心的陌生人协助了我。
I was lucky, anddoubly lucky to be later reunited with my birth parents. But, sadly, I neverbonded with them again. But I've done more in the seven decades since thatmiserable day when my mother put me on the train than I would ever have dreamedpossible. And I love England, my adopted country, with a passion that perhapsonly someone who has lost their human rights can feel. I decided to make mine alife that was worth saving. And then, I just got on with it. (Laughter)
Let me take you back tothe early 1960s. To get past the gender issues of the time, I set up my ownsoftware house at one of the first such startups in Britain. But it was also acompany of women, a company for women, an early social business. And peoplelaughed at the very idea because software, at that time, was given away freewith hardware.
Nobody would buy software, certainly not from a woman. Althoughwomen were then coming out of the universities with decent degrees, there was aglass ceiling to our progress. And I'd hit that glass ceiling too often, and Iwanted opportunities for women.
I recruitedprofessionally qualified women who'd left the industry on marriage, or whentheir first child was expected and structured them into a home-workingorganization. We pioneered the concept of women going back into the workforceafter a career break. We pioneered all sorts of new, flexible work methods: jobshares, profit-sharing, and eventually, co-ownership when I took a quarter ofthe company into the hands of the staff at no cost to anyone but me.
For years, I was the first woman this, or the only woman that. And in those days, Icouldn't work on the stock exchange, I couldn't drive a bus or fly an airplane.Indeed, I couldn't open a bank account without my husband's permission. Mygeneration of women fought the battles for the right to work and the right forequal pay.
Nobody really expectedmuch from people at work or in society because all the expectations then wereabout home and family responsibilities. And I couldn't really face that, so Istarted to challenge the conventions of the time, even to the extent ofchanging my name from "Stephanie" to "Steve" in my businessdevelopment letters, so as to get through the door before anyone realized thathe was a she. (Laughter)
没有人会对职场或社会中的女性有什么真实的希望，由于那时对女性全部的希望便是 承当家庭职责，操持家务。我真实无法承受章鱼竞猜下载-TED | 让70位女员工成为百万富翁，这位女企业家做了什么？，所以我向这个社会习俗建议应战，我乃至还在开展事务的函件上把姓名由“斯蒂芬妮”改为“史蒂夫”，以便于在他人看出“他”其实是“她”之前，敲开投资者的门。（笑声）
My company, calledFreelance Programmers, and that's precisely what it was, couldn't have startedsmaller: on the dining room table, and financed by the equivalent of 100dollars in today's terms, and financed by my labor and by borrowing against thehouse. My interests were scientific, the market 章鱼竞猜下载-TED | 让70位女员工成为百万富翁，这位女企业家做了什么？was commercial -- things suchas payroll, which I found rather boring.
So I had to compromise withoperational research work, which had the intellectual challenge that interestedme and the commercial value that was valued by the clients: things likescheduling freight trains, time-tabling buses, stock control, lots and lots ofstock control.
And eventually, the work came in. We disguised the domestic andpart-time nature of the staff by offering fixed prices, one of the very firstto do so. And who would have guessed that the programming of the black boxflight recorder of Supersonic Concord would have been done by a bunch of womenworking in their own homes. (Applause)
All we used was asimple "trust the staff" approach and a simple telephone. We evenused to ask job applicants, "Do you have access to a telephone?"
An early project was todevelop software standards on management control protocols. And software wasand still is a maddeningly hard-to-control activity, so that was enormouslyvaluable. We used the standards ourselves, we were even paid to update themover the years, and eventually, they were adopted by NATO. Our programmers --remember,
only women, including gay and transgender -- worked with pencil andpaper to develop flowcharts defining each task to be done. And they then wrotecode, usually machine code, sometimes binary code, which was then sent by mailto a data center to be punched onto paper tape or card and then re-punched, inorder to verify it. All this, before it ever got near a computer. That wasprogramming in the early 1960s.
In 1975, 13 years fromstartup, equal opportunity legislation came in in Britain and that made itillegal to have our pro-female policies. And as an example of unintendedconsequences, my female company had to let the men in.
When I started mycompany of women, the men said, "How interesting, because it only worksbecause it's small." And later, as it became sizable, they accepted,"Yes, it is sizable now, but of no strategic interest." And later,when it was a company valued at over章鱼竞猜下载-TED | 让70位女员工成为百万富翁，这位女企业家做了什么？ three billion dollars, and I'd made 70 ofthe staff into millionaires, they sort of said, "Well done, Steve!"
You can always tellambitious women by the shape of our heads: They're flat on top for being pattedpatronizingly. (Laughter) (Applause) And we have larger feet to stand away fromthe kitchen sink.
Let me share with youtwo secrets of success: Surround yourself with first-class people and peoplethat you like; and choose your partner very, very carefully. Because the otherday when I said, "My husband's an angel," a woman complained --"You're lucky," she said, "mine's still alive." (Laughter)
If success were easy,we'd all be millionaires. But in my case, it came in the midst of family traumaand indeed, crisis. Our late son, Giles, was an only child, a beautiful,contented baby. And then, at two and a half, like a changeling in a fairystory, he lost the little speech that he had and turned into a wild, unmanageable toddler. Not the terrible twos; he was profoundly autistic and henever spoke again.
Giles was the first resident in the first house of the firstcharity that I set up to pioneer services for autism. And then there's been agroundbreaking Prior's Court school for pupils with autism and a medicalresearch charity, again, all for autism. Because whenever I found a gap inservices, I tried to help. I like doing new things and making new thingshappen. And I've just started a three-year think tank for autism.
And so that some of mywealth does go back to the industry from which it stems, I've also founded theOxford Internet Institute and other IT ventures. The Oxford Internet Institutefocuses not on the technology, but on the social, economic, legal and ethicalissues of the Internet.
Giles died unexpectedly17 years ago now. And I have learned to live without him, and I have learned tolive without his need of me. Philanthropy is all that I do now. I need neverworry about getting lost because several charities would quickly come and findme. (Laughter)
It's one thing to havean idea for an enterprise, but as many people in this room will know, making ithappen is a very difficult thing and it demands extraordinary energy,self-belief and determination, the courage to risk family and home, and a 24/7commitment that borders on the obsessive. So it's just as well that I'm aworkaholic. I believe in the beauty of work when we do it properly and inhumility. Work is not just something I do when I'd rather be doing somethingelse.
We live our livesforward. So what has all that taught me? I learned that tomorrow's never goingto be like today, and certainly nothing like yesterday. And that made me ableto cope with change, indeed,章鱼竞猜下载-TED | 让70位女员工成为百万富翁，这位女企业家做了什么？ eventually to welcome ch帝舵ange, though I'm told I'mstill very difficult.
Thank you very much.
live the way